Drifting Goose

 

 

Drifting Goose

 

 

 

 

Drifting Goose  1821-1909
"Magabobdu"
Chef des Lower Yanktonais

 

 

 

 

 


Né près de terrains de chasse traditionnels de son peuple au nord de Redfield, Dakota du Sud en 1821, Drifting Goose fût le chef des Hunkpati pendant 45 ans. Il a donné à son peuple du travail et les a protègé contre tous les dangers. Drifting Goose a vécu la plupart de sa vie dans la zone libre de du Dakota du Sud. Son peuple, les Lower Yanktonai , a migré vers la fin des années 1800 au Minnesota. A l'origine, Drifting Goose et ses gens parlaient le dialecte Nakota. Mais, au fil du temps, leur dialecte fusionné avec le Dakota.

Les Yanktonais, à l'instar des autres Sioux, étaient un peuple nomade. Suivant leur principal source alimentaire, les hommes passaient leurs jours à la chasse aux bisons et ils campaient tout au long de leurs territoires respectifs. Drifting Gosse et les siens ont beaucoup voyagé de  l'est au   Sud du Dakota  ... tout le long de la James River et aussi dans le sud-ouest du Minnesota. Pourtant,  Drifting Gosse et les siens vivaient également de l'agriculture. Ils plantaient du maïs, des navets ils cueillaient des baies sauvages.

 

Jamescoursewatershed1
territoire le long de la James River


En 1840 Drifting Goose et 300 personnes de sa bande ont établi un camp permanent à Amandale sur la James river au nord-ouest de Mellette dans le Dakota du sud. Ce village devint plus tard le coeur de la réserve. Vers le milieu des années 1850, la vie idyllique de la Hunkpati a commencé à changer à mesure que les colons ont envahi les terres du Dakota et du Missouri. Les ennuis ont commencé lorsque les Indiens Sisseton, ont cédés leurs terre en signant le traité de la Traverse de Sioux 1851, les terres des Yanktonnais étaient elles aussi comprisent dans le pacte. On a voulu contraindre tous les amérindiens de la région à signer des traités de cessions aux miliers de colons blancs. Drifting Gosse lui refusa de céder.

Pendant les années 1870,  Drifting Goose a lutté pour conserver les terres traditionnelles de son peuple ... repousser les squatters et les géomètres, le chemin de fer et le gouvernement. Drifting Goose était sage et rusé et dans les années 1850 il a effectué des changements et a développer le Dakota du Sud ce qui a eu plus d'impact sur la bureaucratie de Washington et plus d'influence sur les autres chefs. Ses tactiques d'intimidations ont si bien réussi sur les premiers colons à cause de  "La guerre Drifting Goose" .

Les confrontations entre Drifting Goose et les arpenteurs du chemin de fer sont légendaires. Après plusieurs raids sur les  sites des arpenteurs, le chemin de fer a été dérouté de 10 milles miles à l'ouest et sur la droite du tracé d'origine de manière, à être à une distance respectueuse du camp de Drifting Goose. Bien que ses intentions de supprimer les squatters de son territoire étaient réelles, sérieuses, et très réussies, Drifting Goose était connu pour être un homme paisible. Il pensait plus à ses gens et à leur survie que par faire la guerre.

Il survivait sur la rivière James mais lors d'hivers rigoureux, et surtout la diminution des ressources en buffles  ainsi que la pression constante du gouvernement, il est devenu de plus en plus difficile de survivre. Drifting Goose a commencé à se déplacer avec son peuple entre les réserves de Sisseton et Crow Creek pour  avoir des rations alimentaires.

 

Territoire et reserve de drifting gosse
en rouge réserves que féquentait Drifting Gosse


Son ami, Gabriel Renville, lui a donné à manger avec ses propres stocks. Ensemble, ils ont persuadé un agent de la réserve pour demander $ 2000 dollar à Washington pour les soulager pendant l'hiver rigoureux de 1874-1875. Même le général HHSibley, que Drifting Goose avait aidé en éclaireur après les épidémies de Sioux, a écrit à Washington pour soutenir Drifting Goose.

Ces mesures n'ont servi qu'à retarder l'inévitable,  et en 1878, son groupe a été contraint de rejoindre  la réserve Crow Creek sur la rivière Missouri . A Crow Creek, Drifting Goose a continué à exercer ses plus grandes forces, en utilisant sa vive intelligence  d'esprit pour s'adapter à son nouveau monde. Il est dit qu'il n'avait pas d'ennemis, et de nombreux amis blancs et indiens. Il c'est  rapidement fait des amis  à Crow Creek, et il admirait Mgr Marty a qui il a demandé d' être baptisé dans l'Église catholique.

 Il voulait que ses enfants, et les enfants de ses enfants aient une bonne éducation qui les aiderait à survivre dans le monde moderne. Le terrain où l'école siège maintenant a appartenu à Drifting Goose. Et justement, sa pierre tombale dépasse tous les autres dans l'Immaculée Conception cimetière derrière l'école ... Un singulier  pilier sur la poussière des prairies pour un homme extraordinaire.

Cem1966007 131834697180
encerclée en rouge la tombe de Drifting Gosse

 

 

Born near his people's traditional hunting grounds north of Redfield, South Dakota in 1821, Drifting Goose was chief of his Hunkpati band for 45 years. He provided his people with a good livelihood and protected them against danger.

Drifting Goose lived most of his life in the free area of eastern South Dakota. His people, the lower Yanktonai, migrated there in the late 1600's from Minnesota. Originally, Drifting Goose and his people spoke the Nakota dialect. But, over time, their dialect merged with the Dakota.

The Yanktonai, like other Sioux, were a nomadic people. Following their main source of food, the bands spent their days hunting bison and camping throughout their respective territories.

Drifting Goose traveled extensively in eastern South Dakota ... up and down the James River and into southwestern Minnesota. Yet, Drifting Goose's people also lived a more agricultural life than most. They planted corn, gathered berries and wild turnips and raised stock.

It was most important, however, for the Hunkpati to find a place they could call home. So in 1840, the Drifting Goose band with 300 members set up permanent camp in abandoned earth lodges at Armadale Island in the James River to the northeast of Mellette, South Dakota. This village later became the heart of Drifting Goose Reservation.

By the mid 1850's, the idyllic life of the Hunkpati began to change as Europeans and non-Indians came flooding into Dakota land through Yankton and up the Missouri River. The trouble began when the Sisseton Indians, in the 1851 Treaty of Traverse de Sioux, ceded land also claimed by the Yanktonai.

As the Indians were forced to sign more treaties, thousands of white settlers pushed their way into Dakota Territory, shrinking the homelands of Drifting Goose and his people. As other Sioux ceded their lands, Drifting Goose held out. He refused to sign any treaties relinquishing the homelands of his people.

During the 1870's, Drifting Goose struggled to retain his people's traditional lands ... fending off squatters and surveyors, the railroad and the government.

A wise and wily chief - in his 50s at the time - Drifting Goose is now credited with changing more courses of South Dakota development and having more impact on Washington bureaucracy than any other representative of his people.

His intimidation tactics were so successful early settlers referred to his persistence over as "The Drifting Goose War." Confrontations between Drifting Goose and railroad surveyors are legendary. After he removed and covered the surveyors' landmarks numerous times, the railroad was rerouted for good 10 miles west of the original right of way, a respectful distance from Drifting Goose village.

Although his intentions to remove squatters from his territory were serious, and very successful, Drifting Goose was known as a peaceful, friendly man. He thought more of his people and their survival than he did about making war.

But, surviving on the James River during harsh winters, with dwindling buffalo resources and constant pressure from the government, became increasingly difficult. Drifting Goose began to moving with his people between the Sisseton and Crow Creek reservations for food rations.

His friend, Gabriel Renville, gave him food when it could be spared. Together, they persuaded a reservation agent to ask Washington for $2,000 dollars in relief money during the severe winter of 1874-75. Even General HHSibley, who Drifting Goose had aided as a scout after the Sioux outbreaks, wrote to Washington on Drifting Goose's behalf.

These measures only served to delay the inevitable, however, and in 1878, his band was forced to the Crow Creek reservation on the Missouri river.

At Crow Creek, Drifting Goose continued to wield his greatest strengths, using his keen intelligence and wit to adapt to his new world. It is said he had no enemies, and many friends both white and Indian. He quickly made friends with the clerics at Crow Creek, and so admired Bishop Marty that he asked to be baptized in the Catholic Church.

For all of Drifting Goose's admirable traits, his most enduring legacy remains his influence in the development of the Indian School at Stephan. Legend has it Drifting Goose met with famed "blackrobe" pioneer Indian missionary Father Pierre De Smet, along the banks of the Missouri.

As a result, the school at Stephan became a reality. He wanted his children, and his children's children to have an education that would help them survive in the modern world. The land where the school now sits once belonged to Drifting Goose. And fittingly, his gravestone rises above all others in the Immaculate Conception cemetery behind the school ... a singular pillar on the dusty prairie for an extraordinary man.

Source:
The Life and Time of Magabobdu, 1821-1909 by Kathleen Newman.

- See more at: http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?anno=2&depth=1&hl=fr&rurl=translate.google.ch&sl=en&tl=fr&u=http://aktalakota.stjo.org/site/News2%3Fpage%3DNewsArticle%26id%3D8679&usg=ALkJrhjjcqt031Zerc0CV79RWvitnxt45g#sthash.HdmF1NHj.dpuf

 

Born near his people's traditional hunting grounds north of Redfield, South Dakota in 1821, Drifting Goose was chief of his Hunkpati band for 45 years. He provided his people with a good livelihood and protected them against danger.

Drifting Goose lived most of his life in the free area of eastern South Dakota. His people, the lower Yanktonai, migrated there in the late 1600's from Minnesota. Originally, Drifting Goose and his people spoke the Nakota dialect. But, over time, their dialect merged with the Dakota.

- See more at: http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?anno=2&depth=1&hl=fr&rurl=translate.google.ch&sl=en&tl=fr&u=http://aktalakota.stjo.org/site/News2%3Fpage%3DNewsArticle%26id%3D8679&usg=ALkJrhjjcqt031Zerc0CV79RWvitnxt45g#sthash.HdmF1NHj.dpuf

Born near his people's traditional hunting grounds north of Redfield, South Dakota in 1821, Drifting Goose was chief of his Hunkpati band for 45 years. He provided his people with a good livelihood and protected them against danger.

Drifting Goose lived most of his life in the free area of eastern South Dakota. His people, the lower Yanktonai, migrated there in the late 1600's from Minnesota. Originally, Drifting Goose and his people spoke the Nakota dialect. But, over time, their dialect merged with the Dakota.

The Yanktonai, like other Sioux, were a nomadic people. Following their main source of food, the bands spent their days hunting bison and camping throughout their respective territories.

Drifting Goose traveled extensively in eastern South Dakota ... up and down the James River and into southwestern Minnesota. Yet, Drifting Goose's people also lived a more agricultural life than most. They planted corn, gathered berries and wild turnips and raised stock.

It was most important, however, for the Hunkpati to find a place they could call home. So in 1840, the Drifting Goose band with 300 members set up permanent camp in abandoned earth lodges at Armadale Island in the James River to the northeast of Mellette, South Dakota. This village later became the heart of Drifting Goose Reservation.

By the mid 1850's, the idyllic life of the Hunkpati began to change as Europeans and non-Indians came flooding into Dakota land through Yankton and up the Missouri River. The trouble began when the Sisseton Indians, in the 1851 Treaty of Traverse de Sioux, ceded land also claimed by the Yanktonai.

As the Indians were forced to sign more treaties, thousands of white settlers pushed their way into Dakota Territory, shrinking the homelands of Drifting Goose and his people. As other Sioux ceded their lands, Drifting Goose held out. He refused to sign any treaties relinquishing the homelands of his people.

During the 1870's, Drifting Goose struggled to retain his people's traditional lands ... fending off squatters and surveyors, the railroad and the government.

A wise and wily chief - in his 50s at the time - Drifting Goose is now credited with changing more courses of South Dakota development and having more impact on Washington bureaucracy than any other representative of his people.

His intimidation tactics were so successful early settlers referred to his persistence over as "The Drifting Goose War." Confrontations between Drifting Goose and railroad surveyors are legendary. After he removed and covered the surveyors' landmarks numerous times, the railroad was rerouted for good 10 miles west of the original right of way, a respectful distance from Drifting Goose village.

Although his intentions to remove squatters from his territory were serious, and very successful, Drifting Goose was known as a peaceful, friendly man. He thought more of his people and their survival than he did about making war.

But, surviving on the James River during harsh winters, with dwindling buffalo resources and constant pressure from the government, became increasingly difficult. Drifting Goose began to moving with his people between the Sisseton and Crow Creek reservations for food rations.

His friend, Gabriel Renville, gave him food when it could be spared. Together, they persuaded a reservation agent to ask Washington for $2,000 dollars in relief money during the severe winter of 1874-75. Even General HHSibley, who Drifting Goose had aided as a scout after the Sioux outbreaks, wrote to Washington on Drifting Goose's behalf.

These measures only served to delay the inevitable, however, and in 1878, his band was forced to the Crow Creek reservation on the Missouri river.

At Crow Creek, Drifting Goose continued to wield his greatest strengths, using his keen intelligence and wit to adapt to his new world. It is said he had no enemies, and many friends both white and Indian. He quickly made friends with the clerics at Crow Creek, and so admired Bishop Marty that he asked to be baptized in the Catholic Church.

For all of Drifting Goose's admirable traits, his most enduring legacy remains his influence in the development of the Indian School at Stephan. Legend has it Drifting Goose met with famed "blackrobe" pioneer Indian missionary Father Pierre De Smet, along the banks of the Missouri.

As a result, the school at Stephan became a reality. He wanted his children, and his children's children to have an education that would help them survive in the modern world. The land where the school now sits once belonged to Drifting Goose. And fittingly, his gravestone rises above all others in the Immaculate Conception cemetery behind the school ... a singular pillar on the dusty prairie for an extraordinary man.

Source:
The Life and Time of Magabobdu, 1821-1909 by Kathleen Newman.

- See more at: http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?anno=2&depth=1&hl=fr&rurl=translate.google.ch&sl=en&tl=fr&u=http://aktalakota.stjo.org/site/News2%3Fpage%3DNewsArticle%26id%3D8679&usg=ALkJrhjjcqt031Zerc0CV79RWvitnxt45g#sthash.HdmF1NHj.dpuf

 

Born near his people's traditional hunting grounds north of Redfield, South Dakota in 1821, Drifting Goose was chief of his Hunkpati band for 45 years. He provided his people with a good livelihood and protected them against danger.

Drifting Goose lived most of his life in the free area of eastern South Dakota. His people, the lower Yanktonai, migrated there in the late 1600's from Minnesota. Originally, Drifting Goose and his people spoke the Nakota dialect. But, over time, their dialect merged with the Dakota.

The Yanktonai, like other Sioux, were a nomadic people. Following their main source of food, the bands spent their days hunting bison and camping throughout their respective territories.

Drifting Goose traveled extensively in eastern South Dakota ... up and down the James River and into southwestern Minnesota. Yet, Drifting Goose's people also lived a more agricultural life than most. They planted corn, gathered berries and wild turnips and raised stock.

It was most important, however, for the Hunkpati to find a place they could call home. So in 1840, the Drifting Goose band with 300 members set up permanent camp in abandoned earth lodges at Armadale Island in the James River to the northeast of Mellette, South Dakota. This village later became the heart of Drifting Goose Reservation.

By the mid 1850's, the idyllic life of the Hunkpati began to change as Europeans and non-Indians came flooding into Dakota land through Yankton and up the Missouri River. The trouble began when the Sisseton Indians, in the 1851 Treaty of Traverse de Sioux, ceded land also claimed by the Yanktonai.

As the Indians were forced to sign more treaties, thousands of white settlers pushed their way into Dakota Territory, shrinking the homelands of Drifting Goose and his people. As other Sioux ceded their lands, Drifting Goose held out. He refused to sign any treaties relinquishing the homelands of his people.

During the 1870's, Drifting Goose struggled to retain his people's traditional lands ... fending off squatters and surveyors, the railroad and the government.

A wise and wily chief - in his 50s at the time - Drifting Goose is now credited with changing more courses of South Dakota development and having more impact on Washington bureaucracy than any other representative of his people.

His intimidation tactics were so successful early settlers referred to his persistence over as "The Drifting Goose War." Confrontations between Drifting Goose and railroad surveyors are legendary. After he removed and covered the surveyors' landmarks numerous times, the railroad was rerouted for good 10 miles west of the original right of way, a respectful distance from Drifting Goose village.

Although his intentions to remove squatters from his territory were serious, and very successful, Drifting Goose was known as a peaceful, friendly man. He thought more of his people and their survival than he did about making war.

But, surviving on the James River during harsh winters, with dwindling buffalo resources and constant pressure from the government, became increasingly difficult. Drifting Goose began to moving with his people between the Sisseton and Crow Creek reservations for food rations.

His friend, Gabriel Renville, gave him food when it could be spared. Together, they persuaded a reservation agent to ask Washington for $2,000 dollars in relief money during the severe winter of 1874-75. Even General HHSibley, who Drifting Goose had aided as a scout after the Sioux outbreaks, wrote to Washington on Drifting Goose's behalf.

These measures only served to delay the inevitable, however, and in 1878, his band was forced to the Crow Creek reservation on the Missouri river.

At Crow Creek, Drifting Goose continued to wield his greatest strengths, using his keen intelligence and wit to adapt to his new world. It is said he had no enemies, and many friends both white and Indian. He quickly made friends with the clerics at Crow Creek, and so admired Bishop Marty that he asked to be baptized in the Catholic Church.

For all of Drifting Goose's admirable traits, his most enduring legacy remains his influence in the development of the Indian School at Stephan. Legend has it Drifting Goose met with famed "blackrobe" pioneer Indian missionary Father Pierre De Smet, along the banks of the Missouri.

As a result, the school at Stephan became a reality. He wanted his children, and his children's children to have an education that would help them survive in the modern world. The land where the school now sits once belonged to Drifting Goose. And fittingly, his gravestone rises above all others in the Immaculate Conception cemetery behind the school ... a singular pillar on the dusty prairie for an extraordinary man.

Source:
The Life and Time of Magabobdu, 1821-1909 by Kathleen Newman.

- See more at: http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?anno=2&depth=1&hl=fr&rurl=translate.google.ch&sl=en&tl=fr&u=http://aktalakota.stjo.org/site/News2%3Fpage%3DNewsArticle%26id%3D8679&usg=ALkJrhjjcqt031Zerc0CV79RWvitnxt45g#sthash.HdmF1NHj.dpuf

Born near his people's traditional hunting grounds north of Redfield, South Dakota in 1821, Drifting Goose was chief of his Hunkpati band for 45 years. He provided his people with a good livelihood and protected them against danger.

Drifting Goose lived most of his life in the free area of eastern South Dakota. His people, the lower Yanktonai, migrated there in the late 1600's from Minnesota. Originally, Drifting Goose and his people spoke the Nakota dialect. But, over time, their dialect merged with the Dakota.

The Yanktonai, like other Sioux, were a nomadic people. Following their main source of food, the bands spent their days hunting bison and camping throughout their respective territories.

Drifting Goose traveled extensively in eastern South Dakota ... up and down the James River and into southwestern Minnesota. Yet, Drifting Goose's people also lived a more agricultural life than most. They planted corn, gathered berries and wild turnips and raised stock.

It was most important, however, for the Hunkpati to find a place they could call home. So in 1840, the Drifting Goose band with 300 members set up permanent camp in abandoned earth lodges at Armadale Island in the James River to the northeast of Mellette, South Dakota. This village later became the heart of Drifting Goose Reservation.

By the mid 1850's, the idyllic life of the Hunkpati began to change as Europeans and non-Indians came flooding into Dakota land through Yankton and up the Missouri River. The trouble began when the Sisseton Indians, in the 1851 Treaty of Traverse de Sioux, ceded land also claimed by the Yanktonai.

As the Indians were forced to sign more treaties, thousands of white settlers pushed their way into Dakota Territory, shrinking the homelands of Drifting Goose and his people. As other Sioux ceded their lands, Drifting Goose held out. He refused to sign any treaties relinquishing the homelands of his people.

During the 1870's, Drifting Goose struggled to retain his people's traditional lands ... fending off squatters and surveyors, the railroad and the government.

A wise and wily chief - in his 50s at the time - Drifting Goose is now credited with changing more courses of South Dakota development and having more impact on Washington bureaucracy than any other representative of his people.

His intimidation tactics were so successful early settlers referred to his persistence over as "The Drifting Goose War." Confrontations between Drifting Goose and railroad surveyors are legendary. After he removed and covered the surveyors' landmarks numerous times, the railroad was rerouted for good 10 miles west of the original right of way, a respectful distance from Drifting Goose village.

Although his intentions to remove squatters from his territory were serious, and very successful, Drifting Goose was known as a peaceful, friendly man. He thought more of his people and their survival than he did about making war.

But, surviving on the James River during harsh winters, with dwindling buffalo resources and constant pressure from the government, became increasingly difficult. Drifting Goose began to moving with his people between the Sisseton and Crow Creek reservations for food rations.

His friend, Gabriel Renville, gave him food when it could be spared. Together, they persuaded a reservation agent to ask Washington for $2,000 dollars in relief money during the severe winter of 1874-75. Even General HHSibley, who Drifting Goose had aided as a scout after the Sioux outbreaks, wrote to Washington on Drifting Goose's behalf.

These measures only served to delay the inevitable, however, and in 1878, his band was forced to the Crow Creek reservation on the Missouri river.

At Crow Creek, Drifting Goose continued to wield his greatest strengths, using his keen intelligence and wit to adapt to his new world. It is said he had no enemies, and many friends both white and Indian. He quickly made friends with the clerics at Crow Creek, and so admired Bishop Marty that he asked to be baptized in the Catholic Church.

For all of Drifting Goose's admirable traits, his most enduring legacy remains his influence in the development of the Indian School at Stephan. Legend has it Drifting Goose met with famed "blackrobe" pioneer Indian missionary Father Pierre De Smet, along the banks of the Missouri.

As a result, the school at Stephan became a reality. He wanted his children, and his children's children to have an education that would help them survive in the modern world. The land where the school now sits once belonged to Drifting Goose. And fittingly, his gravestone rises above all others in the Immaculate Conception cemetery behind the school ... a singular pillar on the dusty prairie for an extraordinary man.

Source:
The Life and Time of Magabobdu, 1821-1909 by Kathleen Newman.

- See more at: http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?anno=2&depth=1&hl=fr&rurl=translate.google.ch&sl=en&tl=fr&u=http://aktalakota.stjo.org/site/News2%3Fpage%3DNewsArticle%26id%3D8679&usg=ALkJrhjjcqt031Zerc0CV79RWvitnxt45g#sthash.HdmF1NHj.dpuf

Born near his people's traditional hunting grounds north of Redfield, South Dakota in 1821, Drifting Goose was chief of his Hunkpati band for 45 years. He provided his people with a good livelihood and protected them against danger.

Drifting Goose lived most of his life in the free area of eastern South Dakota. His people, the lower Yanktonai, migrated there in the late 1600's from Minnesota. Originally, Drifting Goose and his people spoke the Nakota dialect. But, over time, their dialect merged with the Dakota.

The Yanktonai, like other Sioux, were a nomadic people. Following their main source of food, the bands spent their days hunting bison and camping throughout their respective territories.

Drifting Goose traveled extensively in eastern South Dakota ... up and down the James River and into southwestern Minnesota. Yet, Drifting Goose's people also lived a more agricultural life than most. They planted corn, gathered berries and wild turnips and raised stock.

It was most important, however, for the Hunkpati to find a place they could call home. So in 1840, the Drifting Goose band with 300 members set up permanent camp in abandoned earth lodges at Armadale Island in the James River to the northeast of Mellette, South Dakota. This village later became the heart of Drifting Goose Reservation.

By the mid 1850's, the idyllic life of the Hunkpati began to change as Europeans and non-Indians came flooding into Dakota land through Yankton and up the Missouri River. The trouble began when the Sisseton Indians, in the 1851 Treaty of Traverse de Sioux, ceded land also claimed by the Yanktonai.

As the Indians were forced to sign more treaties, thousands of white settlers pushed their way into Dakota Territory, shrinking the homelands of Drifting Goose and his people. As other Sioux ceded their lands, Drifting Goose held out. He refused to sign any treaties relinquishing the homelands of his people.

During the 1870's, Drifting Goose struggled to retain his people's traditional lands ... fending off squatters and surveyors, the railroad and the government.

A wise and wily chief - in his 50s at the time - Drifting Goose is now credited with changing more courses of South Dakota development and having more impact on Washington bureaucracy than any other representative of his people.

His intimidation tactics were so successful early settlers referred to his persistence over as "The Drifting Goose War." Confrontations between Drifting Goose and railroad surveyors are legendary. After he removed and covered the surveyors' landmarks numerous times, the railroad was rerouted for good 10 miles west of the original right of way, a respectful distance from Drifting Goose village.

Although his intentions to remove squatters from his territory were serious, and very successful, Drifting Goose was known as a peaceful, friendly man. He thought more of his people and their survival than he did about making war.

But, surviving on the James River during harsh winters, with dwindling buffalo resources and constant pressure from the government, became increasingly difficult. Drifting Goose began to moving with his people between the Sisseton and Crow Creek reservations for food rations.

His friend, Gabriel Renville, gave him food when it could be spared. Together, they persuaded a reservation agent to ask Washington for $2,000 dollars in relief money during the severe winter of 1874-75. Even General HHSibley, who Drifting Goose had aided as a scout after the Sioux outbreaks, wrote to Washington on Drifting Goose's behalf.

These measures only served to delay the inevitable, however, and in 1878, his band was forced to the Crow Creek reservation on the Missouri river.

At Crow Creek, Drifting Goose continued to wield his greatest strengths, using his keen intelligence and wit to adapt to his new world. It is said he had no enemies, and many friends both white and Indian. He quickly made friends with the clerics at Crow Creek, and so admired Bishop Marty that he asked to be baptized in the Catholic Church.

For all of Drifting Goose's admirable traits, his most enduring legacy remains his influence in the development of the Indian School at Stephan. Legend has it Drifting Goose met with famed "blackrobe" pioneer Indian missionary Father Pierre De Smet, along the banks of the Missouri.

As a result, the school at Stephan became a reality. He wanted his children, and his children's children to have an education that would help them survive in the modern world. The land where the school now sits once belonged to Drifting Goose. And fittingly, his gravestone rises above all others in the Immaculate Conception cemetery behind the school ... a singular pillar on the dusty prairie for an extraordinary man.

Source:
The Life and Time of Magabobdu, 1821-1909 by Kathleen Newman.

- See more at: http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?anno=2&depth=1&hl=fr&rurl=translate.google.ch&sl=en&tl=fr&u=http://aktalakota.stjo.org/site/News2%3Fpage%3DNewsArticle%26id%3D8679&usg=ALkJrhjjcqt031Zerc0CV79RWvitnxt45g#sthash.HdmF1NHj.dpuf

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Date de dernière mise à jour : 20/01/2016